太阳是气候变化的主要驱动因素。不是你。不是二氧化碳。

暴露ev幻想:ev的真正成本

暴露电动车幻想,第1部分的EV的真正成本

Link to Part 2 –评估EVS所谓的福利

无论您对补贴的职位一般,仍然涉及纳税人应该衡量票据,以生产豪华汽车销售给最富裕的美国人。-dan eberhart,Forbes

执行摘要

加拿大联邦政府为机动车制造商设定了一系列目标,以便在销售轻型车辆(汽车,SUV和拾取卡车)中满足。零排放车辆,包括电池 - 电动,氢气 - 电池和插入式混合动力车辆,必须占2025,30%至2030至100%销售额的至少10%。

To meet these targets, the government has implemented several tax, subsidy, and regulatory measures. The media offer a seemingly endless series of articles claiming that the costs of electric vehicles are declining and sales rising so fast as to make the government’s targets attainable. Car buyers, when considering whether to buy an electric vehicle, consider the cost of owning and operating one compared to that of a car powered by an internal combustion engine (ICE). What the consumer cannot see is the economic costs to all of society. In fact, in Canada and other countries, there is virtually no aspect of electric vehicle production, purchase and use that does not receive some form of subsidy. In this article, I will demonstrate this using the information available from Canada and the United States.

值得注意的补贴包括:

•纳税人专门为eV的研发资助:美国的联邦研发资金是2016 - 2019年的13亿美元。
• The federal and Ontario governments have pledged a grant of $590 million to a Ford plant in Oakville to build EV’s.
• The federal government gives EV manufacturers $30 million per year in tax breaks.
• The Obama Administration gave U.S. $2.4 billion in grants to support the development of electric vehicles and batteries.
•美国各国也给予大型补贴;内华达州提供补贴,为“Gigafactory”提供12亿美元的特斯拉。
• Taxpayers provide very generous subsidies in the form of rebates and tax credits to purchasers of EVs; the Canadian government provides $5,000 per vehicle and the U.S. government provides a tax credit worth U.S. $7,500 per vehicle. Additional subsidies are provided for the installation of recharging stations in homes, apartment buildings and places of work.
•监管计划要求汽车必须达到的排放 - 强度水平,即公司可以通过购买来自EV制造商的“学分”来避免为不合规支付大量罚款;美国这些交叉补贴的总价值仅在2019年的11亿美元。

对于具有内燃机的汽车而言,汽车购买者可以看到的实际成本比具有内燃机的汽车更高,主要是因为初次购买的大资本成本。在加利福尼亚州,差异是关于中档Tesla模型的13,000美元。2015美元和美国每千瓦时300美元之间,EV电池的成本现在是每千瓦时300美元。每千瓦时的175美元,油价在未订婚电动汽车购买和运营之前,石油价格将不得不从今天的水平下降。

Who benefits from the taxpayer subsidies? According to studies in Canada and the United States, between 50% and 75% of the people who buy EVs would have done so without the subsidy. In the U.S., the vast majority of the subsidy provided by the federal Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle credit goes to the highest income earners, with the top 20% of income earners receiving 90% of the credit.

Proponents of electric vehicles sometimes claim that converting the entire light duty vehicle fleet to run on electricity will not increase the electricity generation and transportation costs to society. In fact, according to a study done by electrical engineer Kent Zehr, to provide the energy for complete conversion of the Canadian vehicle fleet would require more than 10,000 megawatts of additional electrical generation capacity, over five times the capacity that will be added by the Site C dam in British Columbia and the Muskrat Falls hydroelectric in Newfoundland combined. The costs of the additional generation capacity and transmission lines would be in the hundreds of billions of dollars if they could be built by 2040, which they cannot.

总而言之,电动汽车有益且价格实惠的论点是基于误导性的加拿大人对其实际经济成本。联邦政府的2040年目标既不是可取的,也没有达到成本。本系列的其他部分将研究寻求电动所有车辆的环境影响以及加拿大和全球EV销售的可能趋势。

关于作者

Robert Lyman是一名经济学家,拥有27年的经济体,作为加拿大联邦政府的分析师,政策顾问和经理,主要是在能源,运输和环境政策领域。他也是一个10年的外交官。随后,他作为私人顾问进行了私人顾问,为能源和运输问题进行了政策研究和分析,作为进驻委托政策研究小组的校长。他是科学友情的文章和报告的常见贡献者,基于卡尔加里的独立组织有关与气候变化有关的问题。他居住在加拿大渥太华。L竞技 .

1 Comment

  1. Dale Mullen

    我们甚至可以接近看到电动汽车与内燃机的传统车辆之间的实际比较的唯一方法是:
    1.消除购买电动车辆的所有补贴
    2.将所有税收放在传统车辆上
    3. discontinue any incentives of any kind to EV purchasers
    Only then would we see something near the true costs and even this would completely overlook charging, maintenance, parts replacement, and trade in values to reflect accurate pricing.

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